Today, November 30, we celebrate Bonifacio Day. Andres Bonifacio founded the Kataas-taasang, Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan, or simply Katipunan or KKK — and as such he was also called the father of the Katipunan. The Katipunan, a secret revolutionary society, fought valiantly for the Philippine Independence since 1892.
As great as our brave Katipuneros were, the revolution would not be as successful without the strong women who fought along with them. These courageous notable women include Gregoria de Jesus, Melchora Aquino, Teresa Magbanua, Henerala Agueda Kahabangan, and Trinidad Tecson, among others. Even before the Katipunan was created, there were other women who bravely fought for our country such as Gabriela Silang.
Philippine revolutionary history is not only about the story of our gallant men but also of the fearless women.
Melchora Aquino, popularly known as Tandang Sora (January 6, 1812 — March 2, 1919), was known as the “Mother of the Revolution.” During her time as a supporter of the revolution, she would feed the Katipuneros, provide them shelter and other necessary provisions, and tend to their wounds. When she was arrested and jailed by the Spaniards, she refused to reveal about her knowledge of the Katipunan despite the interrogations. She was deported and exiled to Guam, and was only brought back to the Philippines when she was repatriated by the US government.
Trinidad Tecson (November 18, 1848 — January 28, 1928) is known as the “Mother of Biak na Bato.” She joined the revolution in 1895 at the age of 47. She pilfered firearms, delivered food, and tended to Katipuneros’ injuries. She was also known as a brave soldier as she had joined numerous fights such as in San Ildefonso, San Miguel and San Jose, Nueva Ecija. She has served under numerous generals, with Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo in Biak-na-Bato being the most notable.
Maria Josefa Gabriela Silang, or simply Gabriela Silang (19 March 1731–20 September 1763) was best known as the first female revolutionary leader against Spain. She took over and assumed the legacy of her husband Diego Silang after his assassination. She became the Ilocano rebel army’s commander for four months before being caught and executed by the Spaniards. Even today, she is remembered as the bolo-wielding leader on horseback.#